Basic Essential Command to Linux Terminal

Starting Terminal. To start with you’ll want to open the terminal to enter these commands.to do this, Go to applications then equipment then click on Terminal. Otherwise that you would be able to merely press Alt+F2 and kind gnome-terminal after which press ‘Enter’ click on on Run. Now that you are ready, here are the instructions you need to know. Let the drive be with you!.



1. Looking up definitions
Don’t have time to lookup words from a real dictionary? Here’s a command using which you can look up words instantly. Just copy the command and paste it in the terminal. To paste in the terminal use the keyboard combo ‘CTRL+SHIFT+V’ instead of the normal Ctrl+v. Note:you need a working internet connection to use this command.

curl dict://dict.org/d:<wordtolookup>

Example curl dict://dict.org/d:truculent

2. The Program/End Task
You’ve got a bunch of programs running together and one of them stops responding. Either you can wait for it to resume or just kill it instantly using a simple command. Say firefox is not responding, all you got to do is type in ‘pkill firefox’. If you’re too lazy to type firefox,just type ‘pkill fir’ and then press tab,your command will be autocompleted.

pkill <Nameoftheprogram>

Example pkill firefox

3. Make Twitter Update via Linux Terminal
Tweet from the terminal to impress your friends. The tweet will be posted immediately and will show API as the client. Replace ‘YourUsername’ and ‘YourPassword’ with your username and your password respectively.Then add your status message (don’t remove the double quotes). Finally, paste the command in the terminal.If the output is a bit cluttered just press Ctrl+L.

curl -u YourUsername:YourPassword -d status=”Your status message” twitter.com/statuses/update.xml

Example curl -u someuser:A@#$@#@$$ -d status=”My first tweet from the linux command line!” twitter.com/statuses/update.xml

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4. Downloading File
Downloading files from websites can be quite a pain when you’ve to wait for the downloads to finish and then close the browser. Sometimes we close the browser accidentally and interrupt the download process.

To download almost any file off the internet,right click on the download link and select the ‘Copy Link Location’ option.Don’t close the browser yet. Now open the terminal, type in ‘wget -c ‘ and then press Ctrl+Shift+V followed by ‘Enter’ key. This will start the download with a neat progress bar. To cancel the download just press Ctrl+c. To resume just press the up arrow on the keyboard till the command reappears and press ‘Enter’. Now open your home directory and your file will be there.

wget -c <Link to file>

Example wget -c https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-YMPa5VU3ENI/VHbxGSfHsRI/AAAAAAAAEF8/_-pVj3amGX0/s1600/Best%2B2%2BTop%2BLinux%2BDistro%2Bfor%2BBeginners%2B2015.png

Basic Essential Command to Linux Terminal
Basic Essential Command to Linux Terminal

5. Monitoring Linux Memory
If you’re running too many programs, then you should monitor your amount of free memory would definitely be less. Here’s the command to easily monitor free and used memory.

Type/copy and paste ‘free -m‘ without the quotes in the terminal to see how much memory is free and how much is in use.The above command will show memory in Megabytes. You can also see the output in Gigabytes or Kilobytes if you want. Just change the command to ‘free -g’ for gigabytes and ‘free -k’ for kilobytes

free -m

You’d typically go to the ubuntu software center, seek for the application, download it, install it, start it and then admire your 5 day streak. But, if you know a simple command known as uptime and sort it within the terminal, you can in an instant get your uptime hence saving a variety of time. Again, instructions are simply optional, for just about each command there is a beautiful (or unpleasant once in a while) GUI utility. It is as they are saying “there’s an app for that!”

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